Minority Languages: The cases of Frisian and Basque compared was one of the projects of ENVOIE (University of Groningen, Netherlands)


– Main objectives of the Virtual Exchange

Comparison of two minority language cases (Basque and Frisian) from the perspective of sociolinguistics and the sociology of language.

Students in the programme in Leeuwarden have as general learning outcomes to become experts on the Frisian multilingual situation and to be able to partake in debates about language governance of minority languages (in Friesland). They are also expected to be able to apply the knowledge and first hand experiences attained in the course to other minority language communities throughout the world, and in this way form an opinion about the status of Frisian, as opposed to that of other minority languages.

Collaborating in an OIE with the Basque country, Spain will help tremendously in attaining all of the above outcomes.
Students in the programme in San Sebastian have as general aim to become a specialist at an advanced level in multilingualism and education. Specifically for this course they obtain knowledge about various European minority languages. The opportunity to acquire first hand and more in-depth knowledge of the Frisian case is invaluable. They will gain in their capacity to solve problems and develop stronger a critical and analytic attitude. It will contribute to their research skills and intercultural experience.
Collaborating in an OIE with the master students in Leeuwarden will help them accomplish the aims stated above.

– Targeted learning outcomes

Intercultural communicative competences and cross-cultural collaboration skills.
Sociological theories with regard to ethnolinguistic minorities.
Exchange of information through multimedia, thereby developing advanced digital skill.

– Global task description



Partner / department Course Language of instruction Number of students
University of the Basque Country, San Sebastian
Department of Theory and History of Education
MA Multilingualism English 20
University of Groningen, Groningen
MA Multilingualism English 21

Start and end date

October 2018 (perhaps ongoing)


8 weeks


Languages (San Sebastian), Humanities (except languages) (Groningen)

Integration and assessment

4 shared lectures, 4 shared excursions, shared group assignments (2×2 persons) in Google Hangout groups, shared final assignment (Powerpoint video). Lecturers from both sides assessed their own students, except for the final assignment which was assessed according to available expertise.

Technology tools used

– Learning environment

Google Classroom.

– Collaboration tools

Blue Jeans & Google Hangouts

– Reflection tool